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The advantages of using IoT devices in Agriculture

In the context of agriculture, IoT can be used to improve the efficiency and productivity of agricultural operations by enabling the use of sensors and other technologies to monitor and optimize various aspects of agricultural production. This can help reduce the workload on farmers and improve the overall efficiency of the operation. Some examples of IoT applications in agriculture include:

Overall, IoT technology has the potential to significantly improve the efficiency and productivity of agricultural operations, and is likely to become increasingly important in the industry in the coming years.

IoT in agriculture.

Crops and smart devices

The agricultural sector is currently going through a process of change that comes hand in hand with the inclusion of new technologies. Next, we will see how the IoT is applied in agriculture. Likewise, the vision of this technology towards the future and its advantages.

What is IoT in agriculture?

IoT in agriculture consists of the same thing as the conceptualization of the Internet of Things as such. In other words, IoT is nothing more than the virtual link of common devices to the Internet network. In this sense, when we talk about agriculture, it is enough to transfer the same concept to this sector to understand what it is about.

Why will the IoT be so important in the agriculture of the future?

According to the UN, there are approximately 8 billion people in the world. Therefore, the need to improve productivity is key to preserving human life. It is essential that the processes are increasingly simplified to meet the population requirement that will continue to grow more and more.

However, the areas destined for planting have been progressively reduced. The reason for this is the growth of urbanism, the destruction of rural areas and the use of agricultural spaces for other purposes. These are just some of the problems that this sector presents today.

Conventional methods are not useful to solve these challenges. For this reason, it is necessary to resort to systems that minimize work and management time. In addition, that at the same time they are efficient. This is where IoT in agriculture comes in.

IoT solutions in agriculture

What solutions does IoT technology bring to the agricultural sector? Let’s look at some of the most important.

1. Drones for crop monitoring

Drones are very useful for monitoring planting performance. These smart devices allow you to look at the entire terrain and collect data of interest.

2.Sensors to analyze data

IoT sensors in agriculture receive and emit information related to the state of the land and crops in general.

3.GPS Global Positioning System

These devices locate and locate objects and people in any space of an agricultural field.

4.High precision machinery for fertilizer application

These teams help the exact application of fertilizers in each crop. All this, derived from the data of the Geographic Information Systems.   

5. Satellite beaconing

They are in charge of delimiting the route of applicators, planes or sprayers to ensure an exact application.

6.Smart tractors

They are tractors that do not need an operator, that is, they drive themselves. In addition, they include GPS systems, radars and sensors to detect obstacles.

Applications of the internet of things in agriculture

IoT applications in the agricultural sector are diverse. However, its use has a specific purpose in each application.

1. Precision agriculture

Smart agriculture consists of the exact management of plantations. To do this, all variables are meticulously measured. In addition, the attribution aspects to make decisions from this.

2.Smart greenhouses

The goal of this type of installation is to ensure that each crop has the right conditions without having to do frequent manual inspection.

3. Livestock monitoring

These monitoring systems are vital to know the health status of the animals on the farm. In addition to its location in real time.

Examples of IoT uses in the agricultural sector

There are some important examples of how the Internet of Things works in agriculture.

1.Uganda Smart Farming

In Uganda, farmers are taking advantage of smart farming to reduce the incidence of global warming.

2. Irrigation of blueberries in Chile

To improve productivity in fruit crops, in Chile sensors have been installed in the soil of the crops. This helps farmers to be aware of soil conditions.

3. Rice crops in Malaysia

Lots of rice farms in Malaysia use IoT technology. Because of this, crop yields have been optimized. In addition, the water saving is greater.

4. Case IH, the intelligent tractor

This type of tractor has integrated GPS systems, sensors and radars. It does not need the human driver to follow configured routes.

Advantages of the IoT application in agriculture

The advantages of using the IoT in the agricultural field are varied. Among the most important are:

  • Farmers can greatly improve crops and minimize challenges due to the short amount of time they spend on the fields.
  • Monitoring is simple. In addition, the information is in real time.
  • Work in rural areas is automated. This is key considering that by 2050 it is predicted that 70% of humanity will reside in the city.
  • Data collection contributes to crop optimization.
  • Resources are used much better.
  • Reduces the emission of toxic gases. 
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